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Mount St. Helens

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Monitor Ridge 
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Mount St. Helens  


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Elevation: 8,365'
Location: 46.204, -122.1916 View Map  Incorrect?
Page Views: 2,279
Administrators: Peter Franzen, Jon Nelson, Micah Klesick, Kristine Hoffman (sitewide)
Submitted By: Blitzo on Dec 8, 2010
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panorama at the crater rim, october 2010

Description 

Prior to May 18, 1980, 9,677 ft. Mount St. Helens was Washington's fifth-highest peak. Towering above Spirit Lake, this beautiful volcanic cone rose over 5,000 feet above its base.
Known to Native Americans as "Louwala-Clough", which means "smoking mountain". St. Helens was also nicknamed "Fuji-san of America" for it's resemblence to Japan's famous Mt. Fuji.
Formed within the last 40,000 years, Mount St. Helens is geologically young compared to the other major volcanoes of the Cascade Range and is considered the most active volcano in the range for the past 10,000 years or so.
Mount St. Helens was quite popular with mountaineers and had many routes on its snowy slopes and glaciers.
On March 20, 1980 a 4.2 earthquake was experienced on the mountain. On March 27, steam began to vent. By the end of April, the north side began to bulge. A second earthquake, of magnitude 5.1, triggered a collapse of the North Face causing the largest known debris avalanch in recorded history.
The magma burst into a large-scale pyroclastic flow, flattening forest and buildings over 230 square miles. More than 1.5 million metric tons of sulpher dioxide was released into the atmosphere. A plume of ash erupted for over nine hours, rising 12-16 miles above sea level and moving eastward at 60 mph, reaching Idaho by noon.
By 5:30 p.m. the ash column declined and less severe outbursts continued over the next several days.
The May 18, 1980 eruption released 24 megatons of thermal energy, and ejected over 0.67 cubic miles of material. The mountain was reduced in heigth by approx. 1,300 feet, leaving a one to two mile wide crater, 0.5 miles deep with it's north side open. 57 people died, nearly 7,000 big game animals and an estimated 12 million fish, from a hatchery also died in the eruption. 200 homes were destroyed or severly damaged. 185 miles of highway and 15 miles of roadways were also destroyed.
In progress, more to come.

Getting There 

The easiest way to reach Mt. St. Helens is from I-5. From exit 49 take 504 to the mountain.


Climbing Season



Weather station 4.9 miles from here

2 Total Routes

['4 Stars',0],['3 Stars',0],['2 Stars',2],['1 Star',0],['Bomb',0]
['<=5.6',0],['5.7',0],['5.8',0],['5.9',0],['5.10',0],['5.11',0],['5.12',0],['5.13',0],['>=5.14',0],['',0],['<=V1',0],['V2-3',0],['V4-5',0],['V6-7',0],['V8-9',0],['V10-11',0],['V12-13',0],['>=V14',0]

The Classics

Mountain Project's determination of some of the classic, most popular, highest rated routes for Mount St. Helens:
Worm Flows    Easy Snow     Snow, 5800'   
Browse More Classics in Mount St. Helens

Featured Route For Mount St. Helens
Mt St Helens

Monitor Ridge Easy Snow PG13  WA : Southwest Cascades : Mount St. Helens
This is the most popular and crowded route to the summit in the summer. The first 2.1 miles of the trail are a hike through forests. When you cross Loowit Trail there is a toilet on the right. After this the trail follows the rocky ridge and is marked by large wooden posts almost to the summit. You'll pass a couple tripod monitors on the ridge that give it its name. After the last post, just follow the ridge to the summit. In the summer, it's a dusty crowded hike. In the winter, you'll want cram...[more]   Browse More Classics in WA

Photos of Mount St. Helens Slideshow Add Photo
07-22-1980 eruption. <br />Wikipedia photo.
07-22-1980 eruption.
Wikipedia photo.
3,000 ft (1 km) steam plume on May 19, 1982, two years after its major eruption. <br />Wikipedia photo.
3,000 ft (1 km) steam plume on May 19, 1982, two y...
Errett Allen on Mount St. Helens, 1974. <br />Photo by Blitzo.
Errett Allen on Mount St. Helens, 1974.
Photo by B...
Skirting a schrund on Mount St. Helens, 1974. <br />Photo by Blitzo.
Skirting a schrund on Mount St. Helens, 1974.
Phot...
Painting by Paul Kane Mount St. Helens erupting at night after his 1847 visit to the area. <br />Wikipedia photo.
Painting by Paul Kane Mount St. Helens erupting at...
April 10, 1980 eruption. <br />Wikipedia photo.
April 10, 1980 eruption.
Wikipedia photo.
Mount St. Helens and Spirit Lake prior to the May 18, 1980 eruption. <br />Wikipedia photo.
Mount St. Helens and Spirit Lake prior to the May ...
Harry Randall Truman (October 30, 1896  May 18, 1980) was a resident of the U.S. state of Washington who lived on Mount St. Helens and came to brief fame in the months preceding the 1980 eruption after stubbornly refusing to leave. He was the owner of Mount St. Helens Lodge at Spirit Lake. The lodge was located at the foot of the mountain, and was in the danger zone at the time of the eruption. <br />Wikipedia photo.
Harry Randall Truman (October 30, 1896 May 18, 1...
May 19, 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens.  <br />Wikipedia photo.
May 19, 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens.
Wikipe...
Volcanic ash in the Columbia River Gorge. September 1980. Photo by Blitzo.
Volcanic ash in the Columbia River Gorge. Septembe...
Mount St. Helens the day before the 1980 eruption, which removed much of the northern face of the mountain, leaving a large crater. <br />Wikipedia photo.
Mount St. Helens the day before the 1980 eruption,...

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